ribao (People's daily) editorial (printed April 26, 1989)
Domestic Service reported 0930 GMT, April 25; Foreign Broadcast
Information Service, April 25, pp. 23-24.
In their activities to mourn the death of Comrade Hu Yaobang,
communists, workers, peasants, intellectuals, cadres, members
of the People's Liberation Army and young students have expressed
their grief in various ways. They have also expressed their determination
to turn grief into strength to make contributions in realizing
the four modernizations and invigorating the Chinese nation.
abnormal phenomena have also occurred during the mourning activities.
Taking advantage of the situation, an extremely small number of
people spread rumors, attacked party and state leaders by name,
and instigated the masses to break into the Xinhua Gate at Zhongnanhai,
where the party Central Committee and the State Council are located.
Some people even shouted such reactionary slogans as, Down with
the Communist Party. In Xi'an and Changsha, there have been serious
incidents in which some lawbreakers carried out beating, smashing,
looting, and burning.
into consideration the feelings of grief suffered by the masses,
the party and government have adopted an attitude of tolerance
and restraint toward some improper words uttered and actions carried
out by the young students when they were emotionally agitated.
On April 22, before the memorial meeting was held, some students
had already showed up at Tiananmen Square, but they were not asked
to leave, as they normally would have been. Instead, they were
asked to observe discipline and join in the mourning for Comrade
Hu Yaobang. The students on the square were themselves able to
consciously maintain order. [Beijing Xinhua Domestic Service in
Chinese at 1400 GMT on April 25, reporting on the April 26 Renmin
ribao editorial, deletes this sentence.] Owing to the joint efforts
by all concerned, it was possible for the memorial meeting to
proceed in a solemn and respectful manner.
after the memorial meeting, an extremely small number of people
with ulterior purposes continued to take advantage of the young
students' feelings of grief for Comrade Hu Yaobang to spread all
kinds of rumors to poison and confuse people's minds. Using both
big- and small-character posters, they vilified, hurled invectives
at, and attacked party and state leaders. Blatantly violating
the Constitution, they called for opposition to the leadership
by the Communist Party and the socialist system. In some of the
institutions of higher learning, illegal organizations were formed
to seize power from the student unions. In some cases, they even
forcibly took over the broadcasting systems on the campuses. In
some institutions of higher learning, they instigated the students
and teachers to go on strike and even went to the extent of forcibly
preventing students from going to classes, usurped the name of
the workers' organizations to distribute reactionary handbills,
and established ties everywhere in an attempt to create even more
facts prove that what this extremely small number of people did
was not to join in the activities to mourn Comrade Hu Yaobang
or to advance the course of socialist democracy in China. Neither
were they out to give vent to their grievances. Flaunting the
banner of democracy, they undermined democracy and the legal system.
Their purpose was to sow dissension among the people, plunge the
whole country into chaos and sabotage the political situation
of stability and unity. This is a planned conspiracy and a disturbance.
Its essence is to, once and for all, negate the leadership of
the CPC and the socialist system. This is a serious political
struggle confronting the whole party and the people of all nationalities
throughout the country.
we are tolerant of or conniving with this disturbance and let
it go unchecked, a seriously chaotic state will appear. Then,
the reform and opening up; the improvement of the economic environment
and the rectification of the economic order, construction, and
development; the control over prices; the improvement of our living
standards; the drive to oppose corruption; and the development
of democracy and the legal system expected by the people throughout
the country, including the young students, will all become empty
hopes. Even the tremendous achievements scored in the reform during
the past decade may be completely lost, and the great aspiration
of the revitalization of China cherished by the whole nation will
be hard to realize. A China with very good prospects and a very
bright future will become a chaotic and unstable China without
whole party and the people nationwide should fully understand
the seriousness of this struggle, unite to take a clear-cut stand
to oppose the disturbance, and firmly preserve the hard-earned
situation of political stability and unity, the Constitution,
socialist democracy, and the legal system. Under no circumstances
should the establishment of any illegal organizations be allowed.
It is imperative to firmly stop any acts that use any excuse to
infringe upon the rights and interests of legitimate organizations
of students. Those who have deliberately fabricated rumors and
framed others should be investigated to determine their criminal
liabilities according to law. Bans should be placed on unlawful
parades and demonstrations and on such acts as going to factories,
rural areas, and schools to establish ties. Beating, smashing,
looting, and burning should be punished according to law. It is
necessary to protect the just rights of students to study in class.
The broad masses of students sincerely hope that corruption will
be eliminated and democracy will be promoted. These, too, are
the demands of the party and the government. These demands can
only be realized by strengthening the efforts for improvement
and rectification, vigorously pushing forward the reform, and
making perfect our socialist democracy and our legal system under
the party leadership.
comrades in the party and the people throughout the country must
soberly recognize the fact that our country will have no peaceful
days if this disturbance is not checked resolutely. This struggle
concerns the success or failure of the reform and opening up,
the program of the four modernizations, and the future of our
state and nation. Party organizations of the CPC at all levels,
the broad masses of members of the Communist Party and the Communist
Youth League, all democratic parties and patriotic democratic
personages, and the people around the country should make a clear
distinction between right and wrong, take positive action, and
struggle to firmly and quickly stop the disturbance.