The Nanjing (Nanking) Massacre


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The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II 
by Iris Chang
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Critically acclaimed account of the atrocities and killings of Chinese civilians by Japanese soldiers


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Nanjing Massacre Multimedia Exhibit

China

World War Two

In 1937, during the Japanese invasion of China, Japanese soldiers slaughtered many thousands of Chinese civilians in the city of Nanjing. The massacre began with prisoners or suspected soldiers, then extended to those unambiguously civilian, including women, children, and old men. According to evidence presented at the Tokyo War Crimes Trials, Japanese soldiers raped at least 20,000 Chinese women, many of whom were murdered afterwards.

Iris Chang, the author of the acclaimed The Rape of Nanking, puts the death toll at 300,000. Japanese historian Hata Ikuhito puts the figure at 40,000. The truth is probably somewhere in between. The local war crimes trials held in Nanjing immediately after the war estimated that 190,000 were killed. The extent of the massacre is still disputed. For photographs see The Nanjing Massacre exhibit.

Links

Nanjing Massacre Database China News Digest

60th Anniversary of the Nanjing Massacre Princeton University

Accounts From Survivors of the Nanjing Massacre Simon Wiesenthal Center - Audio and Video of testimony 

Nanjing Massacre Photograph Page - some photographs are gruesome

Review of Rape of Nanjing by Iris Chang by the Japan Echo - a Japanese viewpoint

Excerpts From Japanese Textbooks on the Nanjing Massacre printed by Japanese Echo

Atrocities of Japan a paper on the Nanjing Massacre