American "Invasion" of Russia
Army Banner for the Campaign against the American Expeditionary
little known episode in American history is the landing of American
troops in Russia to fight the communists. The United States,
along with Canada, Great Britain, France, and Japan became entangled
in the civil war which followed the Bolshevik revolution. It
was World War I and the Soviet government had negotiated a peace
treaty with Germany removing them from the war. America and its
allies joined with the White Russians, who promised to stay in
the war, to fight the Red Army.
The Allies feared that the major ports in northwest
Russia--Murmansk and Archangel--would fall to Germany after Russia
left the war. Millions of dollars of war supplies, mostly sent
from the United States to Russia while they were still in the war,
were stored in the docks and warehouses of Archangel.
allied force under British command was sent to Russia on
August 3, 1918. They took the city of Archangel and pushed the
Red Army (Bolshevik troops) south. At the request of the British,
the United States sent a regiment
to join the campaign.
the weather worsened, the troops fought through the winter in
deep snow and intense cold against the Red Army, well
after the fighting ceased on the Western Front in November. In
May of 1919 American troops began to withdraw, replaced by fresh
British troops and Russian White Army allies.
The leader of the American troops felt that the operation
was mismanaged, and his soldiers subjected to unnecessary hardships.
This small force suffered over 400 casualties.
Americans, this campaign is a little known minor incident of
World War I. But to the Russians, who had great pride in their
ultimate victory, this was the "American
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