The Holocaust in Romania:
The Destruction of Jews and Gypsies Under the Antonescu Regime, 1940-1944


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The Holocaust in Romania:
The Destruction of Jews and Gypsies Under the Antonescu Regime, 1940-1944
by Radu Ioanid, foreword by Elie Wiesel

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Book Description

Book Description
Radu Ioanid's account of the Holocaust in Romania, based upon privileged access to secret East European government archives, is an unprecedented analysis of heretofore purposely hidden materials.

Card catalog description
"In 1930, 757,000 Jews lived in Romania. They constituted the third-largest Jewish community in Europe. Today not more than 14,000 Jews live in Romania, most of them elderly. The record of the Holocaust in Romania includes many curious chapters of betrayal and support, but they have been largely unavailable until now. Radu Ioanid's account, based upon unparalleled access to previously secret East European government archives, is an unprecedented analysis of heretofore purposely hidden materials. Archival records, published and unpublished reports, memoirs of survivors, letters - Dr. Ioanid uses all these elements to build an accurate perspective on Romanian policies of racism, anti-Semitism, and the extermination of Jews during the regime of Ion Antonescu."--BOOK JACKET.

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Editorial Reviews

From Booklist
Ioanid, who was born and raised in Bucharest, begins this definitive account of the Holocaust in Romania under the rule of Ion Antonescu by examining the roots of that nation's anti-Semitism. When Antonescu came to power in September 1940, living conditions worsened considerably, and Ioanid chronicles the fascist anti-Semitic legislation that followed. The eventual result was a series of deportations carried out under murderous conditions. The administrative and legal measures authorizing these deportations, as well as pogroms and the resettlement of Jews in ghettos, are described in detail. The author relies primarily on previously unpublished Romanian documents in the archives of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum and the National Archives in Washington, along with records from the Yad Vashem in Jerusalem and testimonies of survivors. The Holocaust in Romania is a testament that such cruelty can and did take place in a modern civilized nation. George Cohen

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From Kirkus Reviews
The director of the Benjamin and Vladka Meed Registry of Jewish Holocaust Survivors at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum documents the dimensions of anti-Semitic horror in Romania during WWII. Unlike Nazi Germany, Romania did not engage in the organized murder of its Jewish population; but through a brutal program of deportation and deprivation, the government managed to kill a quarter of a million Jews, leaving behind about 375,000. Ioanid comments mordantly that this relatively high rate of survival was due not to humanitarianism but to ``the inefficiency and corrupt nature of the Romanian administrative system. As might be expected in a volume of this nature, Ioanid presents anecdotes and details that shatter the heart. On a bitterly cold day gentile children hurled snowballs at a naked Jew chained to a post in a village square; two brothers were disemboweled, ``their intestines hung like neckties on other corpses'' and ``displayed on meat hooks and labeled Kosher meat; dogs raced through the streets with pieces of unburied Jews in their jaws; soldiers used Jewish blood to grease the axles of their carts; starving residents of Pociora, ``the most horrific site of the Jewish internment,'' survived by eating the flesh of dead prisoners. Amid these searing images are lists and charts that quantify the cruelty: numbers of victims, dates of deportations, populations of transit camps. Also included is powerful testimony from survivors, from trial transcripts (Romanian war-crimes trials were held between 194552) and from some of the myriad documents Ioanid consulted in archives all over the world. Perhaps his greatest service is to provide names for so many of the victims, personalizing the cruelty and rendering it all the more tragic. A seminal workpart narrative, part referencedestined to stand on the shelf alongside other classics of Holocaust history. (8 pages b&w photos) -- Copyright ©2000, Kirkus Associates, LP. All rights reserved.

Tom Gross, Wall Street Journal
Mr. Ioanid recounts in chilling detail the savage persecution of the Jews...an especially timely book.

The New York Review of Books
Careful and informative.

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